Andrew Brack, PhD

Andrew Brack, PhD

Basic Science
Parnassus Heights - Brack Lab


Grants & Awards

  • Niche Regulation of Muscle Stem Cells
    2019-08-01 - 2024-05-31
    NIH R01AR076252
    Role: Principal Investigator
  • Single cell activation dynamics as a predictor and regulator of aged MuSC dysfunction.
    2019-02-01 - 2021-01-31
    NIH R21AG063416
    Role: Principal Investigator
  • Muscle stem cell heterogeneity
    2011-09-21 - 2019-08-31
    NIH R56AR060868
    Role: Principal Investigator
  • Quiescence of Muscle Stem Cells During Growth and Repair
    2012-04-01 - 2018-03-31
    NIH R01AR061002
    Role: Principal Investigator
  • Muscle Satellite Cell Pool During Aging
    2011-09-21 - 2017-07-31
    NIH R01AR060868
    Role: Principal Investigator
  • The role of P16Ink4a in adult skeletal muscle stem cells
    2021-08-17 - 2026-05-31
    NIH R01AR079244
    Role: Principal Investigator

About Andrew Brack, PhD

Originally from Liverpool, England, Andrew graduated with a PhD in Molecular Biology and Biophysics from King’s College London. He did two postdoctoral fellowships, the first with Simon Hughes at King’s College London and the second with Tom Rando at Stanford University. Andrew started his own lab at the Center for Regenerative Medicine, MGH, Harvard University in 2008. In 2015 he moved to UCSF to begin the next phase of his lab's journey.

Brack Lab's is focused on understanding the cellullar communication between the muscle stem cell and its environment to identify strategies that improve skeletal muscle regeneration and ameliorate sarcopenia.

Quiescence and self-renewal

Maintenance and reacquisition of quiescence are defining features of adult stem cells. We are studying the intrinsic and extrinsic factors that control quiescence and how they impinge on self-renewal and differentiation potential during muscle homeostasis, injury response and aging. Using a muscle stem cell specific mutant we demonstrated that Sprouty1 (Spry1), an RTK signaling inhibitor, is required for the reestablishment of quiescence in proliferating stem cells. We are presently identifying intrinsic and niche-derived signals that promote and retain stem cell potential.

Stem cell niche

The stem cell niche as originally conceptualized refers to the microenvironment that maintains ‘stemness’. The niche is a protector of stem cell number and function restraining proliferation and differentiation of stem cells and maintaining a quiescent phenotype. The satellite cell niche may be composed of different cell types. We are presently identifying the cell types and the essential signaling elements that compose the niche to retain stemness after injury and are deregulated during aging.

Satellite cell heterogeneity

It is apparent that adult stem cell populations are heterogeneous. Using a marker of proliferative history, based on retention of a fluorescent marker, we recently demonstrated that the adult satellite cell pool is composed of subsets of cells that are slowly dividing during ontogeny. Label retaining cells possess the properties of stem cells; in contrast, satellite cell subsets that diluted label functioned as progenitors. During aging a subset of functional label retaining cells are preserved. Current projects are deciphering whether heterogeneity is due to extrinsic influences, such as discrete niches, or cell intrinsic regulation, such as epigenetic and metabolic status.


Aging is associated with a progressive decline in many tissues throughout the body. Skeletal muscle is no exception. We are studying the mechanisms that lead to a loss of stem cell number and function during aging.

Brack Lab's Full Address is:

Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regeneration Medicine and Stem Cell Research

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery

University of California, San Francisco

35 Medical Center Way Box 0669

San Francisco, CA 94143